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"Waits" Attached to Aristocratic Patrons

The following list is extracted from REED data on groups and patrons. I was surprised that the term "waits" was still attached to these household musicians at such a late date – sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. The first dates given relate to the life of the patron, the second to the period during which he/she held the relevant title. Alan Radford - 7 May 2012.

1. Earl of Cumberland's Waits - Clifford, Francis (1559 - 1640/1), Earl between 1605-1640/1

2. Earl of Cumberland's Waits - Clifford, George (1558 - 1605), Earl between 1570-1605

3. Earl of Hertford's Waits - Seymour, Edward (1500 - 1551/2), Earl between 1559-1621

4. Earl of Northampton's Waits - Compton, William (1571/2 - 1630), Earl between 1618-1630, waits recorded 1621/2

5. Earl of Shrewsbury's Waits - Talbot, John (1601 - 1653/4), Earl between 1607-1653/4, waits recorded 1640/1

6. King's Waits - Tudor, Henry (1491 - 1546/7), King between 1509-1546/7

7. Lady Grace's Waits - Stuart, Lady Elizabeth (1596 - 1661/2), daughter of King James I, waits 1620-21

8. Lord Audley's Waits - Tuchet, George (d. 1560), Baron between 1557-1560

9. Lord Cardinal's Waits - Wolsey, Thomas (1475 - 1530), Cardinal between 1515-1530

10. Lord Cavendish's Waits - Cavendish, William (1593 - 1676), Earl of Newcastle 1621-1676 or Cavendish, William (1617 - 1684), Earl of Devonshire 1628-1684, waits recorded 1639-40

11. Lord Chichester's Waits - Chichester, Edward (1568 - 1648), Viscount/Baron between 1625-1648

12. Lord Deputy's Waits - Wentworth, Thomas (1593 - 1641), Lord Deputy of Ireland 1632-1639, waits recorded 1636/7

13. Sir Henry Curwen's Waits - Curwen, Henry (1581 - 1623/4), Knight 1603?-1623/4

14. Sir John Dauntsey's Waits - Dauntsey, John (1591 - 1630), Knight 1603-1630, waits recorded 1621-2

15. Sir Richard Hawkins' Waits - Hawkins, Richard (1560 - 1622), Knight 1603-1622


n.b. No actual of records of aristocrats’ waits in the REED database are later than the start of the first Civil War, and we may infer the earliest as pre-1529 – the year of the fall from grace of Cardinal Wolsey. However, they may go back as far as Wolsey becoming Cardinal in 1515 and as late as the death of William Cavendish in 1684.



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